Modigliani chronology

1884 July12, Modigliani was born to Flaminio and Eugenia Modigliani in Livorno, Italy.


1884-94 Modigliani was home-schooled by his mother. He was also introduced to the radical literature of Nietzsche by his grandfather, Isaco Garsin.


1895 Modigliani suffered from pleurisy.


1897 Modigliani’s mother allowed him to study drawing.


1898 Modigliani developed typhoid fever at the age of 14.


1898-00 Received artistic instruction from Livorno artist, Guglielmo Micheli. Studied landscapes, portraiture, still life, and nudes.


1900 At the age of 16 contracted tuberculosis and suffered from a second bout of pleurisy


1900-01 Traveled with his mother to southern Italy, visiting the Palazzo Piti and the Uffizi, and staying in Naples, Rome, Amalfi, and Capri. Wrote extensively to his friend in Livorno, Oscar Ghiglia. Upon returning to Livorno after traveling in southern Italy, started neglecting his studies to paint and began visiting the local quarry to sculpt in stone.


1901-14 Carved a series of large stone heads.

Head, 1911-13

Head, 1911-13

1902 Studied under Giovanni Fatori at the Scuola Libera di Nudo in Livorno.


1903 Modigliani moved to Venice and was introduced to Art Nouveau and Impressionism at the Biennale.


1903-06 Modigliani studied at the Istituto di Belle Arti and joined the Venice School of Nude Studies. Modigliani began smoking hashish.


1906 Modigliani traveled to Paris where he lived at Le Bateau-Lavoir in Montmartre and rented a studio in Rue Caulaincourt. Modigliani sketched at least a hundred drawings a day that he either destroyed, gave away, or left behind when he moved.


1907 Showed 7 watercolors and oils in the Salon d Automne. Modigliani began showing signs of alcoholism and drug addiction. He destroyed much of his earlier works for being too bourgeois. Modigliani became Dr. Paul Alexandre’s patient. Dr. Alexandre, in turn, became Modigliani’s promoter and patron and allowed Modigliani to live at Rue du Delta art colony in exchange for paintings.


1908 Showed 6 works at the Salon des Independants. Frustration from this show turned Modigliani back to carving stone, a passion reignited by his friend, Constantin Brancusi.


1909 Modigliani went back to Livorno to rest.


1909-13 Modigliani returned to Paris and painted 3 oil portraits of patron Paul Alexandre.

 

Portrait of Paul Alexander, courtesy of www.modigliani-foundation.org

Portrait of Paul Alexander, courtesy of www.modigliani-foundation.org

1910 Modigliani met his first serious love, Anna Akhamatova. Their relationship lasted a year. Modigliani’s portraits began to take on the features of his stonework.

Portrait of Anna Ahkatomova, courtesy of RuriC, Switzerland, 1911

Portrait of Anna Ahkatomova, courtesy of RuriC, Switzerland, 1911

1911 Modigliani exhibited his sculptures in the studio of Souza Cardoso.

Head. c. 1911. Limestone. Perls Galleries. New York, NY, USA. 1911

Head. c. 1911. Limestone. Perls Galleries. New York, NY, USA. 1911

1912 Exhibited a series of sculpted heads, Tetes, ensemble decoratif, in the Salon d’Automne. He went back to Livorno for the last time to work in the quarries of Carrara.


1913 Modigliani’s sculptures and paintings started to have more arabesque.


1914 WWI broke out. Modigliani tried to enlist, but was turned down because of his health.


1914-16 Met English poet, Beatrice Hastings, and lived with her for two years.


1915 Modigliani painted a series of 14 portraits of Beatrice Hastings and a portrait of Juan Gris.

Portrait of Madame Pompadour (Beatrice Hastings), 1915, courtesy of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL

Portrait of Madame Pompadour (Beatrice Hastings), 1915, courtesy of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL

 

Portrait of Juan Gris, 1915, courtesy of Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY

Portrait of Juan Gris, 1915, courtesy of Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY

1916 Met art dealer Leo Zborowski and his wife Anna. Zborowski gave Modigliani a studio and hired his models. Russian sculptor, Chana Orloff, introduced Modigliani to Jeanne Hebuterne, the love of his life. They soon moved in together.

Portrait of Leopold Zborowski, 1916

Portrait of Leopold Zborowski, 1916

1917 On December 3 Modigliani had his first solo show at Berthe Weill Gallery. The police closed the show within hours because of the nude paintings.

Seated Nude, 1918, Honolulu Academy of Arts

Seated Nude, 1918, Honolulu Academy of Arts

1918 The Germans bombed Paris. Zborowski organized an artistic retreat for Modigliani and a few other artists in Nice. On November 29, Hebuterne gave birth to a baby girl also named Jeanne.


Jeanne Hébuterne, 1919, oil on canvas, courtesy the Metropolitan Museum of Art

Jeanne Hébuterne, 1919, oil on canvas, courtesy the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Nate B. Spingold, 1956

1919 In May, Modigliani returned to Paris with Hebuterne and their child. By the summer Hebuterne was pregnant again. They rented an apartment in the Rue de la Grande Chaumiere. Modigliani and Hebuterne painted portraits of each other and of themselves. The Hill Gallery in London showed 10 of Modigliani’s works.

Self-portrait, 1919 Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasi

Self-portrait, 1919 Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasi

 

Portrait of Modigliani by Hebuterne, 1919, public domain

Portrait of Modigliani by Hebuterne, 1919, public domain

1920 Modigliani’s health declined, and he died on January 24. Hebuterne committed suicide two days later, at the same time killing her unborn child. The Galeries Montaigne in Paris held the first exhibition of Modigliani’s work after his death.


1922 There was a small retrospective dedicated to Modigliani at the Biennale in Venice.


1923 The Femme au Col Blanc was the first painting by Modigliani acquired by a French Museum, The Musee de Grenoble.

The Femme au Col Blanc, 1917,The Musee de Grenoble, France

The Femme au Col Blanc, 1917,The Musee de Grenoble, France

1930 The Hebuterne family had their daughter’s body moved to Pere Lachaise Cemetery to lie beside Modigliani.


1958 Modigliani’s daughter, Jeanne Modigliani, published the biography of her father, Modigliani: Man and Myth, in New York.

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